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徽州石雕牌坊上的丰富民俗文化语言内涵是什么

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徽州石雕牌坊上的丰富民俗文化语言内涵是什么

发布日期:2019-11-25 作者: 点击:

徽州石雕牌坊上的丰富民俗文化语言内涵是什么?石雕牌坊上的浮雕狮、鹿、虎、石雕麒麟、龙、凤、鹤、鱼及花卉中各式的纹样,以二方连续或四方连续的式样进行巧妙组合,表达出极富装饰性的民间吉祥文化语言。这种潜在的民间艺术语言,经过民间工匠的雕刻艺术,石雕厂家传达出徽州的丰厚的文化内涵,形成了浓郁的民间文化特色。如谐音的表达手法:蝙蝠(福)、鹿(禄)、花瓶(平安)、鱼(余)、莲(连)、笙(升)等。如平安如意,取“瓶”与“平”的谐音,将如意置于花瓶中,二者结合的图案纹样,构成《吉祥图》。

亚博电子竞猜SHIDIAOPAIFANGJIANCHENGWEISHIPAIFANGHUOZHESHIPAILOUYOURUTONGGUOXINGXIANGYINSHENQIQINGGANDEBIAODASHOUFA,JIEMUDANLAIXIANGZHENGFUGUI,GUISHOUYIWEIZHANGSHOU,YUANYANGBIAOSHIENAI,SHILIUYIWEIDUOZI,SHIZIXIANGZHENGWEIXIN、QUANLI,LIANHUA“CHUYUNIERBURAN”,NAISHIQINGBAI、GAOJIEBUQUDEXIANGZHENG。HAIYOUYINYUDEBIAODASHOUFA,RUYONGYUTIAOLONGMENLAIYUSHIDENGKEJIDIDEBIAODA。ZAISHIJIDEDIAOKECHUANGZUOZHONG,YIXIEJIXIANGSHIWUDETUANHAIHUIBEIZHONGXINZUHE,GOUCHENGGENGWEIQIANGLIEDEBIAOXIANLIYUYINYUHUOXIANGZHENGYIYIDETUAN。TUXINGYUJIXIANGYUYANDEHUXIANGRONGHE,BUJINJINSHICHUANTONGMINSUDEKESHIHUAXIANGZHENG,ERQIEHAIBAOHANYOUQIFENGFUDEWENHUANEIHAN。“ZHEIZHONGSHIDIAOCHANGJIAYISHUBIAOXIANXINGSHIWANGWANGTIXIANZHE“JINZAIBUYANZHONG”HUO“BUYANERYU”DEMEI,FENGFUDEZAOXINGYUYANZHENSHILEJIXIANGTUXINGBENSHENDELINIANHEYUYI,CHENGWEIZHENGGETUXINGZUIWEIMINGXIANDETEZHENG”。HUIZHOUMINJIANSHIDIAOPAIFANGSHANGDEZHUANGSHIWENYANGDEXIANGZHENGMEI,HUIZHOUSHIDIAOPAIFANGZHUANGSHIDETICAI,ZAIGOUTUSHANGMEIGUANDETI,DIAOKEJIYISHANGXIANSHU,XINGXIANGSUZAOSHANGFENGFU,ZHEIXIEDOUDADAOLEXIANGDANGGAODESHUIPING,YOUYUDANGSHIDERENMENGENGJIAGUANZHUDESHIZHEIXIEDIAOKEXINGXIANGSUOCHUANDADESIXIANGGUANNIANHEJINGSHENXUQIU,YINCI,HUIZHOUPAIFANGZHUANGSHIYISHUSUODAIBIAODEBUTONGJIXIANGMEIDEHANYICHAOGUOLEQIYAOBIAODACHUTUXINGXINGXIANGSHANGDEMEI,ZHEIXIEZHUANGSHITUANYIYIZHONGWENHUAXINGTAI,ZHIGUANMINGQUEDIBIAODALESHUMINBAIXINGXINZHONGDEMEIHAOXINYUANYUZHUFU。SUIRANJIAZAZHEFENGJIANSHEHUIZHONGDEMIXINYISHI,DANQIRUJIASIXIANGHETIANRENHEYIDESIXIANGGUANNIANSHIZHONGCHUYUJIANZHUZHUANGSHINEIRONGDEHEXINWEIZHI,ZHISHIHEYINDAOZHEHUIZHOUDEPAIFANGJIANZHUWENHUA。

石雕厂家

复杂的明清石牌坊以现存于安徽歙县城中的许国“大学士”石雕牌坊为例,石雕厂家雕刻的图案纹饰正与坊主的事迹相配合。在大梁的两端浅雕刻着缠枝、锦地开光、如意头等纹饰,雀替上饰有花鸟图案,中间菱形框内刻有巨龙腾飞、瑞鹤翔云、凤穿牡丹、鱼跃龙门、威凤祥麟、龙庭舞鹰、麟戏彩球等寓意吉祥、喜庆的图案。巨大的石柱台基上,都雕刻着生动活泼、神态各异的石雕狮子共十二只。石雕狮子或蹲驻,或奔腾,或大狮子怀抱着小狮子,我国石雕狮子造型艺术的传承。精美吉祥的图案,包含着不同的寓意。牌坊的南面雕饰的“巨龙腾飞”图,龙寓意着皇帝的化身,皇帝在南面而王,建立国家,象征着许国对朝廷的忠诚;北面的“瑞鹤翔云”,以翔云来表达天下太平的吉祥寓意,也以此喻意传达了许国惊世脱俗的高尚品格;东面雕刻“鱼跃龙门”,表示许国通过发奋进取成为国家栋梁之才;西面的“威凤祥麟”,寓意当时天下国泰民安的盛世局面。牌坊;花岗岩制作石牌楼的内侧雕刻着“龙庭舞鹰”的图案,古时“武英”为武英殿大学士的官职,而刻有威武的鹰取“舞鹰”同“武英”,暗示许国的的地位;“三报(豹)喜(鹊)”,其中“三”则隐喻许国由东阁晋升文渊阁,最后又进武英殿的三次升迁,实为喜。内侧的“鹿鸣图”,借由《诗经.鹿鸣》之意,表现了许国常会嘉宾学子,鼓瑟吹笙的儒雅生活。另外一幅为两豹两喜鹊,寓意喜上加喜,喜(鹊)上眉(梅)梢、麟戏彩球等图案则包含着吉祥长寿、荣华富贵的内涵。所有的这些吉祥图案用其象征、寓意的手法,非常传神巧妙的表达了许国在但是社会中所受到的荣耀和取得的辉煌成就,及其许国个人的思想品格,同时也反映了雕刻工匠高超卓越的创作才华。整个建筑精美如诗,保持着独有的艺术风采,展示了许国大学士石雕牌坊的坚实沉稳、大气恢弘。石雕大门

YOUCISHIDIAOPAIFANGKEKANCHU,WEILECHUANDACHUMEIHAOJIJIXIANGSHANGDESIXIANG,TICAIDEXUANZEDUOYONGDONGZHIWUJIXIANGWENAN。HUIZHOUSHIPAIFANGZHUANGSHIYISHULAIYUANYUMINJIAN,SHICHUANTONGYISHUZHONGDEGUIBAO,YUHUIZHOUDEMINSUWENHUAJINJINDERONGHE,CONGPAIFANGDEZHUANGSHIYISHUZHONGKANDAOLEFENGFUDEYUYI,YIJIHUISHANGRENDEZHENSHIDESHENGHUOMIANMAOHELEGUANJIJIXIANGSHANGDESHENGHUOTAIDU。CONGHUIZHOUPAIFANGZHUANGSHIDETICAIZHONG,WOMENKEYIKANDAO,BEIFUYULE“WENHUA”DEYIWEIDEHUIZHOUMINJIANPAIFANGZHUANGSHIYISHU,YIQIHUIXIE、SHENGDONGXINGXIANGDEYUYANBIAODAFANGSHITIXIANRENMENDEQINGGANXUQIU、YUWANGJIJIAZHIGUANNIAN,HUIZHOUMINJIANCHUANTONGWENHUAYIHUIZHOUSHIDIAOPAIFANGJIANZHUWEIWUZHIBIAOXIANXINGSHI,YUNHANZHESHENHOUDEJINGSHENWENHUANEIHAN。


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